The knee joint has structures which are prone to injury and damage. Often, we walk around with uneven forces exerted on the joint, the femur (thigh bone) and hip being rotated a few degrees out of place, or from the feet flattening causing the tibia to direct damaging torque to the knee.
Bone, cartilage, meniscus, ligament, tendon, artery, vein and nerve make up the knee. These structures can be affected by biomechanical problems arising proximally from the hip, and distally from the foot.
Patients with knee pain or concerns should be assessed thoroughly and will be sent for diagnostic imaging if the structures of the knee are suspected to be damaged.
Foot conditions can have a chain reaction up the leg affecting the knee, hip and spine. Podiatrists often see patients with uneven wear of their knee joints due to mal-alignment issues arising from the feet.
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Suffering from pain in the knee is a constant agonising problem for everyday life, restricting the ability to perform some daily task at home or at work. Surgery may be suited for severe conditions but it is not always required or may not be the only solution.
Simple change in footwear, use of simple therapy at home or medical grade therapy applied by professionals could get you pain free very quickly.
With or without surgery to the knee, proper shoes and custom made shoe insoles are crucial to the process of long term care. A properly designed foot orthotics coupled with the right footwear offers much greater support, alignment thus comfort with your every step.