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Callus and Corns

Skin is the largest organ of the human body with up to 7 layers of ectodermal tissue that protects underlying bones, ligaments, tendons, muscles and internal organs. It is vital in protecting from the outer elements i.e. pathogens and excessive water loss.


Skin lives and breathes to regulate temperature, allow sensation, synthesis of vitamin D and protect vitamin B. If you damage the skin barrier a scar will form that is often discoloured and may be very painful, especially in Asians as their genetic make-up is more prone to keloid scars.


Optimal care should be taken of your skin to avoid painful feet and aggressive infections.


Dry Skin: small flakes and patches of dryness can occur leaving openings in the skin barrier. Itching is a very common symptom that accompanies dry skin. Serious dry skin disorders are called ichhyosis and can lead to chronic skin conditions such as dermatitis.


Callus: forms over high pressure areas and can be quite painful or irritating. This is not simply a skin condition but a manifestation of biomechanical abnormalities. Commonly patients require dedicated skin care regimes with offloading mechanisms to reduce future condition worsening or underlying bone degeneration.


Corns:  are hardened areas of thick skin that develop due to excessive pressure or friction specifically at a pin point area. These are often painful and can stop daily activities. Corns are more advanced stages of callus build up that if left untreated can lead to abscesses,

ulcerations and bone deformity.

These foot complaints start small as dry skin but quickly advance into chronic painful concerns or worse. Leaving them untreated can be costly for your health, quality of life and pocket. Addressing them at home yourself using over the counter products can result in more harm and damage being inflicted, even to the extent of developing an abscess.


Treatment for such conditions cannot be generalized to a mass populous, it must be individualised tailoring to a patient’s medical history, lifestyle and presenting condition.


For professional, accurate diagnosis and treatment consult with the podiatrist today.


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